Language: Mandarin Chinese
Source: Period dictionary


Jiàn liūzi (箭溜子) means "arrow slipping spot".1

The grips of bows in the Qing dynasty were usually covered with cork, called ruǎnmù pí (軟木皮). The place where the arrow passes by was originally often protected by a piece of strong (cherry) bark, or a patch of ray-skin.

From the late 18th century onwards it became more popular to cover each side of the cork section grip with ray-skin.


Arrow spot on a Qing bow grip

Grip section of a Manchu bow. The green patch on the left is the Jiàn liūzi.
Sold by Mandarin Mansion in 2018.


Other bow parts

Qing bow glossary




Pinyin transliteration




1. Bow grip 弓弝 Gōngbà
2. Sides of bow grip 弓弝膀子 Gōngbà bǎngzi
3. Arrow slipping spot 箭溜子 Jiàn liūzi
4. Bow ear 弓弰 Gōng shāo
5. Tip 弰頭 Shāo tóu
6. String notch 扣子 Kòuzi
7. String bridge 弓墊子 Gōng diànzi
8. Bow knee (lit. "brain") 弓腦 Gōng nǎo
9. Painted birch bark 畫樺皮 Huà huà pí
10. Bow face 弓面 Gōng miàn
11. Bowstring 弓弦 Gōng xián
12. Bowstring knot 弦挌搭 Xián gé dā


All terms are from: Wuti Qingwen Jian (五體清文鑑) or "Five languages compendium", a Qing imperial dictionary in Manchu, Mongolian, Uighur, Tibetan, and Chinese of circa 1790. Published under the Qianlong emperor.

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