Language: Khasi
Source: In common use


Waitsum literally means "spear sword" in the Khasi language.

It is a peculiar type of two-handed, single-edged sword with all-steel construction and double crossguards. It is known in the English speaking world as Khasi dao, named after the Khasi people of the Khasi hills, but the weapon was in wider use in the region.

Similar swords have been observed in use by the Ao Nagas as part of a larger group of archaic large sword forms used in ceremonies.1


Khasi dao or Noklang from the Khasi hills of Assam

A typical example.
Mandarin Mansion inventory 2022.



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These mysterious weapons were already obsolete when the first ethnographers encountered them.


Blade marked with VOC Amsterdam monogram, and the year 1769.


With Dutch VOC blade, marked with the Amsterdam monogram.


This peculiar sword was used by the Garo people of Assam for fighting, clearing the jungle, and animal…


Nice and complete example with talisman basket. Probably 20th century.